Alopecia Areata

斑秃(全秃、普秃)防脱方案

Alopecia Areata Solution

斑秃相关:

斑秃的基本表现:毛发呈一块或数块圆形或片状脱落;可发生于任何年龄;大多数人无任何自觉症状;俗称“鬼剃头”。

Alopecia areata can strike anyone, and it can appear as early as childhood for both men and women. It’s characterized by patchy, sudden hair loss on your scalp, face, and possibly other areas of your body.

斑秃进行期诊断标准:有以下任何一项即可判定,1. 脱发时间半年以内。2. 秃发区日渐扩大或增多。3. 毛发松动,拉发试验阳性。4. 脱发区部分毛囊口有断发和“!” 样头发。

Diagnosis: Positive result determined based on any of below conditions. 1. Hair loss lasts over 6 months. 2. Hair loss areas enlarging or increasing. 3. Hairs become loosen. The pull test is positive. 4. There’re broken hair or “!”symbol hair in hair follicle.

弥漫性斑秃:脱发呈弥漫性,无典型的斑片状脱发区,可以发生在全头任何部位。

Diffuse alopecia: it affects the scalp in a general distribution. This is in contrast to localised or focal alopecia, which is characterised by patchy hair loss.

匐行性斑秃:沿发际线向内发生的斑秃。通常头发边长边脱,或生长缓慢,有的经久不生新发。

Ophiasis alopecia areata: it causes hair loss in a band shape around the sides and back of your head. Occurs from hairline and spreads to centre. Usually, hair loss together with hair growth. Or hair grows very slowly. Even no new hairs grow for quite a while.

假性斑秃: 头皮萎缩变薄,光滑、发亮,看不清毛囊口,脱发区边缘无断发和感叹号状头发以及畸形头发。

Pseudo alopecia areata is also known as Pseudopelade of Brocq (PBB) or Brocq Pseudopelade: The patches of hair loss present in PBB may be single or multiple. They are usually small, discrete, round or oval, and asymmetrical. The underlying skin is typically smooth, soft, and flesh-colored or white, with little, if any, inflammation.

白癣:不完全脱发,脱发区呈“卫星状”,毛发多为折断、残留发根,有鳞屑、有菌鞘,真菌检查(+),多发儿童。初始红色小丘疹,覆盖鳞屑并向四周扩大成灰白色鳞屑性斑片,在头发近端2-4mm处折断,病发近端有白色菌鞘

黑点癣:儿童开始发病,也可见成人。自觉瘙痒;头皮上钱币状灰白色鳞屑性斑片,毛发近端1-2mm处折断,故可见脱发区有黑头小点;

Black dot ringworm of the scalp: Often occurs in children. Hairs don’t fall completely. Most hairs are broken. Left hair roots accompany with scale. And fungi could be detected easily.

梅毒性脱发:斑块状或网状脱发区,边缘不规则—虫蛀样。脱发区高位断发,脱发不完全,且数目较多,好发于后侧,梅毒血清试验阳性,伴其它梅毒症状。

限局性硬皮病:皮肤萎缩,刀砍样,有色泽改变。

继发性脱发:创伤引起的脱发;疤痕性脱发;系统红斑狼疮性脱发。

拔毛癖:

Trichotillomania (TTM), also known as hair pulling disorder or compulsive hair pulling, is a mental disorder characterized by a long-term urge that results in the pulling out of one’s hair.This occurs to such a degree that hair loss can be seen. A brief positive feeling may occur as hair is removed Efforts to stop pulling hair typically fail. Hair removal may occur anywhere; however, the head and around the eyes are most common. The hair pulling is to such a degree that it results in distress.
The disorder may run in families. It occurs more commonly in those with obsessive compulsive disorder. Episodes of pulling may be triggered by anxiety. People usually acknowledge that they pull their hair. On examination broken hairs may be seen. Other conditions that may present similarly include body dysmorphic disorder, however in that condition people remove hair to try to improve what they see as a problem in how they look.

斑秃合并白癜风 :约4-16%的斑秃可伴发白癜风 。

There’s about 4~16% alopecia areata associated with Vitiligo.

斑秃的病因:

  1. 精神神经原因:神经刺激、精神性创伤、焦虑、紧张、严重睡眠不佳、过度劳累等。
  2. 自身免疫原因:发自身免疫性疾病,如I型糖尿病、类风湿关节炎、甲状腺疾病、白癜风等。
  3. 遗传因素:家庭史;遗传过敏体质者。
  4. 其他原因:内分泌障碍、肠道寄生虫、局部病灶、创伤、感染、中毒或其它内脏疾患等。

斑秃(全秃、普秃)的特点:

1、无年龄限定;
2、无性别限定;
3、无部位限定;
4、毛发呈急性脱落;
5、大多数有诱发因素;
6、大多数无自觉症状;
7、脱发大多呈斑片状,边界清楚;
8、进行期拉发试验阳性;
9、毛囊口清楚,部分毛囊口有断发 或“!”样头发;
10、使用章光101产品的效果特别好。